Table of Contents

1. Science and Sustainability       

Our Island, Earth   

Environmental Science     

The Nature of Science       

Seeking a Sustainable Future       

 

2. Earth’s Physical Systems 

Matter, Chemistry, and the Environment  

Energy: An Introduction   

Geology: The Physical Basis for Environmental Science       

Geologic and Natural Hazards     

 

3. Evolution and Population Ecology   

Evolution: The Source of Earth’s Biodiversity    

Ecology and the Organism  

Population Ecology  

Conserving Biodiversity   

 

4. Species Interactions and Community Ecology  

Species Interactions 

Ecological Communities   

Earth’s Biomes      

 

5. Environmental Systems and Ecosystem Ecology       

Earth’s Environmental Systems   

Ecosystems

Biogeochemical Cycles     

 

6. Ethics, Economics, and Sustainable Development     

Environmental Ethics       

Economics and the Environment

Sustainable Development 

 

7. Environmental Policy   

Environmental Policy: An Overview       

U.S. Environmental Law and Policy

International Environmental Policy        

Approaches to Environmental Policy      

 

8. Human Population        

Our World at Nearly 8 Billion      

Demography 

Population and Society     

 

9. The Underpinnings of Agriculture      

Resources and Services for Agriculture  

Soil: A Foundation of Agriculture

Water for Agriculture       

Nutrients for Plants 

Pollination for Farming    

Preserving Genetic Diversity       

Conserving Soil and Land Resources      

 

10. Making Agriculture Sustainable        

The Race to Feed the World

Raising Animals for Food 

Controlling Pests and Weeds       

Genetically Modified Food  

Organic Agriculture 

Sustainable Food Production       

 

11. Biodiversity and Its Conservation     

Life’s Diversity on Earth   

Benefits of Biodiversity    

Biodiversity Loss and Extinction 

Conservation Biology: The Search for Solutions

 

12.Forests, Forest Management, and Protected Areas 

Forest Ecosystems and Forest Resources  

Forest Loss

Forest Management 

Parks and Protected Areas  

 

13. The Urban Environment        

Our Urbanizing World      

Sprawl        

Creating Livable Cities      

Urban Sustainability

 

14. Environmental Health and Toxicology

Environmental Health      

Toxic Substances and Their Effects on Organisms  

Toxic Substances and Their Effects on Ecosystems

Studying Effects of Hazards

Risk Assessment and Risk Management 

Philosophical and Policy Approaches     

 

15. Freshwater Systems and Resources 

Freshwater Systems

Human Activities Affect Waterways       

Solutions to Depletion of Fresh Water    

Freshwater Pollution and Its Control      

 

16. Marine and Coastal Systems and Resources

The Oceans

Marine and Coastal Ecosystems  

Marine Pollution   

Emptying the Oceans        

Marine Conservation

 

17. The Atmosphere, Air Quality, and Air Pollution Control     

The Atmosphere    

Outdoor Air Quality 

Ozone Depletion and Recovery    

Addressing Acid Deposition 

Indoor Air Quality 

 

18. Global Climate Change       

Our Dynamic Climate        

Studying Climate Change  

Impacts of Climate Change  

Responding to Climate Change    

 

19. Fossil Fuels and Energy Efficiency    

Sources of Energy 

Fossil Fuels: Their Formation, Extraction, and Use       

Reaching Further for Fossil Fuels

Addressing Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use    

Energy Efficiency and Conservation       

 

20. Conventional Energy Alternatives    

Alternatives to Fossil Fuels 

Nuclear Power       

Bioenergy   

Hydroelectric Power

 

21. New Renewable Energy Sources       

Shifting to Renewable Energy      

Solar Energy 

Wind Power  

Geothermal Energy  

Ocean Energy Sources      

Energy Storage      

 

22. Managing Our Waste  

Approaches to Waste Management

Municipal Solid Waste      

Industrial Solid Waste      

Hazardous Waste  

 

23. Minerals and Mining  

Earth’s Mineral Resources  

Mining Methods and Their Impacts

Toward Sustainable Mineral Use