Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: Evolution and the Foundations of Biology 2

Unit 1 Chemistry and Cells

  1. The Chemical Context of Life 22
  2. Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life 43
  3. A Tour of the Cell 72
  4. Membrane Transport and CellSignaling 100
  5. An Introduction to Metabolism 122
  6. Cellular Respiration andFermentation 141
  7. Photosynthesis 161
  8. The Cell Cycle 182

Unit 2 Genetics

  1. Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles 200
  2. Mendel and the Gene Idea 214
  3. The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance 236
  4. The Molecular Basis of Inheritance 253
  5. Gene Expression: From Gene to Protein 278
  6. Regulation of Gene Expression 303
  7. Development, Stem Cells, and Cancer 321
  8. Viruses 342
  9. Genomes and Their Evolution 357

Unit 3 Evolution

  1. Descent with Modification 379
  2. Phylogeny 395
  3. The Evolution of Populations 413
  4. The Origin of Species 434
  5. Broad Patterns of Evolution 452

Unit 4 The Evolutionary History of Life

  1. Early Life and the Diversification of Prokaryotes 474
  2. The Origin and Diversification of Eukaryotes 497
  3. The Colonization of Land 520
  4. The Rise of Animal Diversity 545

Unit 5 Plant Form and Function

  1. Plant Structure and Growth 575
  2. Resource Acquisition, Nutrition, and Transport in Vascular Plants 593
  3. Reproduction and Domestication of Flowering Plants 619
  4. Plant Responses to Internal and External Signals 639

Unit 6 Animal Form and Function

  1. The Internal Environment of Animals: Organization and Regulation 663
  2. Animal Nutrition 688
  3. Circulation and Gas Exchange 706
  4. The Immune System 733
  5. Reproduction and Development 751
  6. Neurons, Synapses, and Signaling 772
  7. Nervous and Sensory Systems 790
  8. Motor Mechanisms and Behavior 814

Unit 7 Ecology

  1. Population Ecology and the Distribution of Organisms 840
  2. Species Interactions 867
  3. Ecosystems and Energy 886
  4. Global Ecology and Conservation Biology 906