Table of Contents

PART I Early Human Societies , 2.5 million – 600 b.c.e.: Origins and Development  1

  • 1 From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations 7
  • 2 Early Civilizations, 3500–600 b.c.e. 21

PART II The Classical Period , 600 b.c.e.–600 c.e. 48

  • 3 Classical Civilization: China 54
  • 4 Classical Civilization: India 74
  • 5 Classical Civilizations in the Middle East and Mediterranean 94
  • 6 The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 c.e. 117

PART III The Postclassical Period , 600–1450: New Faith and New Commerce  149

  • 7 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam 156
  • 8 Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia 182
  • 9 African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam 204
  • 10 Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe 224
  • 11 A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe 241
  • 12 The Americas on the Eve of Invasion 265
  • 13 Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties 287
  • 14 The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam 308
  • 15 The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur 331
  • 16 The World in 1450: Changing Balance of World Power 351

PART IV The Early Modern Period , 1450–1750: The World Shrinks  377

  • 17 The World Economy 384
  • 18 The Transformation of the West, 1450–1750 405
  • 19 Early Latin America 425
  • 20 Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade 453
  • 21 The Rise of Russia 478
  • 22 The Muslim Empires 493
  • 23 Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change 520

PART V The Dawn of the Industrial Age, 1750–1900 554

  • 24 The Emergence of Industrial Society in the West, 1750–1900 561
  • 25 Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global Order 587
  • 26 The Consolidation of Latin America, 1810–1920 612
  • 27 Civilizations in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands, and Qing China 639
  • 28 Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West 662
  • 33 Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 21st Century 821
  • 34 Africa, the Middle East, and Asia in the Era of Independence 843
  • 35 Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-Building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim 869
  • 36 Power, Politics, and Conflict in World History, 1990–2014 897
  • 37 Globalization and Resistance 918

PART VI The Newest Stage of World History : 1900–Present  693

  • 29 Descent into the Abyss: World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order 701
  • 30 The World between the Wars: Revolutions, Depression, and Authoritarian Response 729
  • 31 A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order 765
  • 32 Western Society and Eastern Europe in the Decades of the Cold War 791