Funding for schools can be broken down into three broad categories.
Federal funding is distributed to high-need, high-poverty schools through several different programs. Each program has its own purpose and target group of students, which will determine how funds can be used. Federal funding is distributed in two ways: formula funding and competitive funding. Formula allocations are based on a per-student amount multiplied by the number of students who are eligible. To receive a competitive grant, eligible districts must respond to a Request for Proposal and describe in detail how they would use the grant funding.
A brief overview of key federal funding sources is provided below. For more information click on the links to each program’s funding page:
|Response to Intervention||Pre-K|
|Title I, Part A: Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged|
|Title II, Part A: Improving Teacher Quality|
|Title III: Language Instruction for LEP and Immigrant Students|
|IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)|
|Title IV, Part B: 21st Century Community Learning Centers|
|School Improvement Grants|
The bulk of education funding is provided through state funds. States raise money through income tax, sales tax, and other means, then distribute funding to districts based on a funding formula. Some states may distribute additional funds through competitive grants. For more information on education funding in your state, see the map below.
Many private foundations are interested in funding projects related to education. Most foundations distribute their funds to schools and districts through a competitive grant process. For questions about how to apply for foundation grants and to receive our free Guide to Foundation Funding, please contact the Pearson Grants Team.