Spodek, The World's History, 4e ©2011

Spodek, The World's History, 4e ©2011
 
 

Table of Contents

PART ONE

HUMAN ORIGINS AND HUMAN CULTURES To 10,000 B.C.E.

CHAPTER 1

The Dry Bones Speak

Human Origins in Myth and History

Fossils and Fossil Hunters

Humans Create Culture

The Story of Prehistory:What Difference Does It Make?

 

PART TWO

SETTLING DOWN 10,000 B.C.E.–1000 C.E.

 

CHAPTER 2

From Village Community to City-state

Food First: The Agricultural Village

The Agricultural Village

The First Cities

Sumer: The Birth of the City

The Growth of the City-state

The First Cities:What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 3

River Valley Civilizations: The Nile and the Indus

Egypt: The Gift of the Nile

The Indus Valley Civilization and its Mysteries

The Cities of the Nile and Indus: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER FOUR

A Polycentric World

Cities and States in East Asia, the Americas, and West Africa

China: The Xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties

The Western Hemisphere: Mesoamerica and South America

West Africa: The Niger River Valley

The First Cities:What Difference Do They Make?

 

PART THREE

EMPIRE AND IMPERIALISM (2000 B.C.E.–1100 C.E.)

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Dawn of the Empires

Empire-building in North Africa,West Asia, and the Mediterranean

The Meaning of Empire

The Earliest Empires

The Persian Empire

The Greek City-states

The Empire of Alexander the Great

Empire-building: What Difference Does It Make?

 

CHAPTER 6

Rome and the Barbarians: The Rise and Dismemberment of Empire

From Hill Town to Republic, 753–133 B.C.E.

The Expansion of the Republic

The Politics of Imperial Rule

The End of the Republic

The Roman Principate, 30 B.C.E.–330 C.E.

The Dismemberment of the Roman Empire

The Eastern Empire, 330–1453 C.E.

The Legacy of the Roman Empire: What Difference Does It Make?

 

CHAPTER 7

China

Fracture and Unification: The Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang Dynasties

The Qin Dynasty

The Han Dynasty

Disintegration and Reunification

Imperial China

Legacies for the Future: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 8

Indian Empires: Cultural Cohesion in a Divided Subcontinent

New Arrivals in South Asia

The Empires of India

Invasions End the Age of Empires

India, China, and Rome: Empires and Intermediate Institutions

Indian Empires:What Difference Do They Make? 

 

PART FOUR

THE RISE OF WORLD RELIGIONS (2500 B.C.E.—1500 C.E.)

 

CHAPTER 9

Hinduism and Buddhism

The Sacred Subcontinent: The Spread of Religion in India and Beyond

Examining Religious Beliefs

Hinduism

Buddhism

Comparing Buddhism and Hinduism

Hinduism and Buddhism: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 10

Judaism and Christianity: Peoples of the Bible: God’s Evolution in West Asia and Europe

Judaism

Christianity

Christianity in the Wake of Empire

Judaism and Early Christianity: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 11

Islam: Submission to Allah: Muslim Civilization Bridges the World

The Origins of Islam

Successors to the Prophet

Spiritual, Religious, and Cultural Flowering

Relations with Non-Muslims

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: What Difference Do They Make?

 

 

PART FIVE

GLOBAL TRADE: THE BEGINNING OF THE MODERN WORLD (1300—1700)

 

CHAPTER 12

Establishing World Trade Routes: The Geography and Philosophies of Early Economic Systems

World Trade: A Historical Analysis

Trade in the Americas Before 1500

Trade in Sub-Saharan Africa

Asia’s Complex Trade Patterns

China: A Magnet for Traders

Central Asia: The Mongols and the Silk Routes

World Trade Routes Before Columbus: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER THIRTEEN

The Opening of the Atlantic and the Pacific: Economic Growth, Religion and Renaissance, Global Connections

Economic and Social Changes in Europe

The Renaissance

 

A New World

Legacies to the Future:What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 14

The Unification of World Trade: New Philosophies for New Trade Patterns

The Birth of Capitalism

The Empires of Spain and Portugal

Trade and Religion in Western Europe

The Nation-state

Diverse Cultures, Diverse Trade Systems

The Influence of World Trade: What Difference Does It Make?

 

CHAPTER 15

Migration: Demographic Changes in a New Global World

The “New Europes

Russian Expansion

Slavery: Enforced Migration, 1500—1750

Asian Migrations, 1300—1750

Global Population Growth and Movement

Cities and Demographics

Migration and Demography:What Difference Do They Make?

 

 

PART SIX

SOCIAL CHANGE (1640—1914)

 

 

CHAPTER 16

Political Revolutions in Europe and the Americas: The Birth of Political Rights in the Age of Enlightenment

The Scientific Revolution

Human Rights: Philosophical Rationales

Civil War and Revolution in England, 1642–51

The Enlightenment

Revolution in North America, 1776

The French Revolution and Napoleon, 1789–1812

Haiti: Slave Revolution and the Overthrow of Colonialism, 1791–1804

Independence and Disillusionment in Latin America, 1810–30

Political Revolutions:What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 17

The Industrial Revolution: A Global Process

The Industrial Revolution in Britain,1700—1860

Industrialization–Stage Two, 1860—1914

Industrial Society

Labor Movements and Socialism

New Patterns of Urban Life

The Industrial Revolution: What Difference Does It Make?

 

CHAPTER 18

Nationalism, Imperialism, and Resistance: Competition among Industrial Powers

Nationalism

Failed Nationalisms and Delayed Nationalisms

The European Quest for Empire

European Competition and Cooperation: Empire-building in Africa

Gender Relationships in Colonization

Anticolonial Revolts

Japan: From Isolation to Equality

Nationalism and Imperialism:What Difference Do They Make?

TURNING POINT: The Olympics and International Politics

 

 

PART SEVEN: EXPLODING TECHNOLOGIES (1914—1991)

 

CHAPTER 19

Methods of Mass Production and Destruction: Technological Systems

Technology in the Twentieth Century

International Role Reversals

World War I

The Russian Revolution

Postwar America

Worldwide Depression

Methods of Production and Destruction: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 20

World War II: To Hell and Back

The Rise of Fascism

Optimism Revives, Temporarily The Descent Toward War

World War II, 1939—45

Assessing the War

The Tortured Image of Humanity

Out of the Rubble: The United Nations and Resettlement

Remembering the War

Two World Wars: What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 21

Cold War, New Nations, and Revolt Against Authority

The Cold War: U.S. vs. USSR

1968: Revolt Against Authority

The Cold War and the Emergence of New Nations

The Emergence of the Third World

The End of the Cold War: The Soviet Union

Dissolves

Pursuing Peace through Negotiation

Legacies of the Cold War, Decolonization,

Economic and Social Development:What Difference Do They Make?

 

CHAPTER 22

China and India: Into the Twenty-First Century

China and India: A Comparison

China’s Revolutions

The People’s Republic of China

Postrevolutionary China

India’s Struggle for Independence

Independence and Partition

Democracy and its Challenges

Comparing China and India:What Difference

Does It Make?

 

 

PART EIGHT

THE USEFULNESS OF HISTORY

 

Chapter 23

CONTEMPORARY HISTORY: EVOLUTION, SETTLEMENTS, AND RELIGION

On Evolution

On Settlements

On Politics and Empire

On Religion

The Thematic Approach: What Difference

Does It Make?

 

CHAPTER 24

CONTEMPORARY HISTORY: TRADE, SOCIAL REVOLUTION, TECHNOLOGY, IDENTITY

On Trade

On Social Revolution

 

On Technology

On Identity: What Difference Does It Make?