LITERACY NAVIGATOR: AN OVERVIEW
- Literacy Navigator is a modular supplementary intervention program for students in grades 4–10, designed to build the reading comprehension skills students need to understand texts encountered in content-area courses and measured by high stakes reading assessments.
- Literacy Navigator supplements and enhances but does not replace a school’s reading curriculum and English language arts program.
Many students in grades 4-10 struggle with comprehending complex, informational text. During these years as "learning to read" becomes "reading to learn" in content areas, such as science and social studies, students struggle to understand complex, informational text. Literacy Navigator is designed to help students learn how to understand such texts. Using current research in reading, the program emphasizes the importance of building relevant background knowledge while constructing a coherent textbase, leading to deep and lasting comprehension (construction-integration model, Kintsch).
- The Base pack modules (Foundations and Word Study) = science themes;
- Extension modules = science or social studies themes.
- The program is available at five levels.
- The level designations refer to the complexity of the texts students are learning to read.
Five Levels. The readings in AA start with end of 3rd grade text difficulty and range through grade 4. The chart below presents reading levels associated with modules.
|Literacy Navigator Level||DRA (informational text)||Qualitative Assessment of Text Difficulty (Chall)**|
||5-6, 7-8, 9-10
||5-6, 7-8, 9-10
*The DRA (Developmental Reading Assessment) tops out at a score of 80. Several texts included in the unit exceed this level of difficulty.
**The Chall Qualitative Assessment of Text Difficulty is a measure of what the reader needs to bring to a text to read the material with understanding.
Six Modules. Each Level consists of six modules.
- Base Pack: Foundations and Word Study modules. (Students begin work with these two modules. Word Study follows Foundations because the vocabulary in Word Study is drawn from the Foundations module.)
- Extension Pack: Main Idea, Inferences, Patterns, and Supporting Details. (Post-test results target students who would benefit from these modules, although many teachers choose to have students work through all extension modules.)
- Main Idea: Look at author’s intent and/or argument by linking parts of text
- Inferences: Draw conclusions, make generalizations, synthesize information; Discuss, reflect on and graphically organize related concepts
- Patterns: Identify patterns (connections and relationships); cause/effect, compare/contrast, sequence.
- Supporting details: Identify details or forms of evidence accurately.
|Literacy Navigator Modules
||Vocabulary and word analysis
||Inferences, generalizations and conclusions
||Sequence, compare and contrast, cause-effect
- Each Literacy Navigator module includes a detailed Teacher’s Edition and consumable Student Reader. No additional texts are required.
- Level Locator: 30-minute, multiple-choice assessment to place students. If DRA scores (see chart) are available, the level locator is not necessary.
- Pre-test – establishes baseline; establishes appropriateness of level (below 20%--too difficult/over 80%--too easy)
- Post-test – measures achievement
- Progress Monitoring:
- Class Profiles – monitoring
- Lesson Profiles
- Checkpoints (Essay-form assessments occurring twice in each module; scoring rubrics)
- Graphic Organizers
- Writing Samples
- Student Readers/Discussions/Review Lessons
- Tier Two intervention: smaller groups; choose level according to students’ reading level
- Whole class (universal): enrichment, supplement reading curriculum (elementary); prepare for high school textbooks (middle school); prepare for PSAT/SAT (high school).
- Before/after school programs, summer school, during school day.
- The program easily accommodates the needs of English language learners who have transitioned to English Language Development (ELD) levels 4..
ARO (Assessment Reporting Online)
- Level locators, pre-post tests can be taken online by students.
- Reports: Level Locator, Class Profile, Checkpoint, Roster, Aggregate Portfolio, Student Achievement and Student Portfolio.